I have been frustrated with the transportation network in the south of Vienna for 20 years. I like trams, trains and buses, I try to make a effort not use a car. But travel times and cumbersome connections in the 23rd District make it hard. Friends and relations, work colleagues and former class mates all have their grievances. Connections that take twice as long then by car, or involve two to three transfers. The current network seems to be designed around two aspects:
- How to get people as fast as possible to 1st District
- How to provide basic service to the whole area to those who do not own or drive a car.
Thus the district mostly relies on car traffic, with 57% the only district with more than 50% and 19% more than Transdanubia.
The Network Today
In previous posts I have discussed the networks detours and travel time delays, above the network of today shows little systematic structure at first glance. The cities transportation network did however start off with a very Barcelona like network grid. The (tram) lines 10 to 19 where all tangential lines that ran in around the city center in rings of arcs. The (tram) lines and the lines 20 to 99 were all radial lines, from the city center out in all directions. The tram lines 1 to 9 and the letters O, D, J, ect… crossed the the city. When busses were introduced an A was added, later a B. So the 15A is tangential bus line, and the 62 is radial tram line. The perfect grid!
In the map above try figuring out what the 66A is? Tangential? Radial? The 61A that goes slalom through the industrial area? The 64A actually runs more in a ring around the city center than to it.
This grid works or worked in the inner districts, the city was connected with paths to the various former towns around it. In the south roads are not orientated directly to or from the city. The roads run 1) parallel to the Wienerberg and Liesing River, 2) perpendicular to the Wienerberg and 3) from one old town center to the next. A grid needs to be designed for the 23rd (10th, 11th, 12th and 13th) District and not for the 1st District.
The last month I took the time to vent my 20 years worth of frustration and come up with a proposal of how to do it better. The below map shows the south of Vienna with a grid of tangential and radial lines. Lines that travel with as few detours as possible. With transfer interchanges Inzersdorf, Neu Erlaa, Atzgerdorfer Platz, Atzgerdorfer S-Bahn, Rosenhügel, Maxing, Speising, Mauer and Liesing. With new or extended (straight) lines.
And, this network requires the same amount of buses per hour as the current one!